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List Lessons 

What a 25th anniversary re-release of Schindler's List can teach us about 2018.

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Schindler's List is 25 years old. I had not seen the movie in 20 years, and my overwhelming reaction today is a new astonishment:While in the 1990s, Steven Spielberg's raw, brutal depiction of the unimaginable horrors of the Holocaust was harrowing, it felt like history—a nightmaresafely in the distant past. Watching it again now feels like a warning. Here are the lessons for 2018 I gleaned from my recent re-watch ahead of this week's 25th anniversary theatrical re-release.

• Complicity and complacency are not only the hallmarks of rising fascism, but absolutely essential to it. There are two complementary openingsequences to Schindler's List. The first is the one in which Jews politely line up to register with the Nazis in Krakow, Poland, handing their fates overto an occupying power. With our hindsight, we must acknowledge that compliance with totalitarianism is dangerous, not least because it signalsacceptance. The other opening sequence is our introduction to Oskar Schindler (Liam Neeson), newly arrived in Krakow and sucking up mightily to theNazi powers that be, hoping to do business with them. And succeeding wildly, because narcissistic emotional children like the Nazis arealways susceptible to the kind of flattery and buttering-up that Schindler offers. (Remember this: Bullies, once you recognize them for what they are,can be manipulated. More on this in a bit.)

• Empathy can be engaged—in some people, if they aren't actually sociopaths—but it takes time and proximity. I've never been sure whetherSchindler is already plotting subversion as he is scheming to get on the sweet side of the Nazi powers: Spielberg, screenwriter Steven Zaillian andNeeson are all very coy on this point. I suspect that Schindler very gradually sees the horror, and that it is reallyhappening to actual human beings, via his relationship with his Jewish accountant, Itzhak Stern (Ben Kingsley), whom Schindler has torescue from a train taking Krakow's Jews to ... well, we know where, but likely Schindler at best has only dark, vague suspicions of where his veryuseful, very smart employee is headed.

• Things go south very quickly. And blind obedience to authority is a necessary requirement for that to happen. The scene here of Jews sorting luggage—left behind byother Jews packed onto the death trains—is like a kick in the gut. As is the scene of Jewish children happily waving goodbye to theirparents as they go to what we know will be their deaths. The horror of people willingly walking into oblivion when mass government-sponsored murder isinconceivable can no longer be an option. From which follows:

• We can no longer feign ignorance of, or astonishment at, rising totalitarianism, nor can we downplay the peril of it. We know now that theunimaginable is not only imaginable, but entirely possible.

• Resist, resist, resist, however you can, from whatever position you can. Use whatever privilege you have to resist. Undermine from within if that'swhere you are. We can debate at which point Schindler knows incontrovertibly what is happening to the Jews, but we cannot debate that once heknows, he uses his position, his power and his money to subvert it. There is a special small rebellious magic in how Schindler (and Stern) usebureaucracy to stick it to the Nazis. Schindler's list is literally just paperwork, a memo to the Nazis about Jewish labor he needs to keep runninghis business that is, ostensibly, supporting the Third Reich (though Schindler also eventually ensures that his factory doesn't produce anything useful tothe Nazi war effort).

• Toxic masculinity is cultural poison, but it can be disrupted. The counterpoint to Schindler is Amon Goeth (Ralph Fiennes), the Nazi campcommandant who shoots Jews from the balcony of his on-site manor for fun. Schindler figures out how to divert his worst impulses, with the slysuggestion that the power he has been using to decide who should die at his caprice could be used to decide who lives at his "mercy." The white malerage and weak, insecure manhood that was—and still is—Nazism is not impervious to manipulation that can cripple its goals.

• We cannot rely on the beneficence of rich white men to save the rest of us. Of course, we must celebrate Schindler's campaign of resistance, andindeed it forces us to wonder where the likes of him are now—men using their wealth and privilege for the betterment of all. George Soros and Bill Gatesare only two dudes. Yet, we must never depend on the whims of rich white men for anything. No individual should wield such power. It's noway to run a planet.

Schindler's List remains extremely difficult to watch, but if there is anything heartening to be found in it today, it is the very pertinent lessons it has for us right now.

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