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Home / Articles / Food / Food & Drink /  Let it Breathe? The Case Against Decanting Wines
Food & Drink

Let it Breathe? The Case Against Decanting Wines

By Ted Scheffler
Posted // December 7,2010 - Like approximately 100 percent of wine drinkers, I’ve always assumed that decanting wine—especially red wine—or at least letting it “breathe” before serving optimizes the aromas and flavors of the wine. I’ve counseled readers in this very column as to the importance of “letting it breathe.” Increasingly, however, I’m becoming skeptical of this First Commandment of wine service. In fact, I now think it’s bunk.

Before you call the wine police, hear me out.

I’ve been doing some experimenting. I haven’t embarked on statistical studies with rigorous scientific controls; more like just tested out the notion at home—not a in a laboratory—that wines need to breathe. The general rule for red wines is that, optimally, they should be allowed to breathe for at least an hour or so before drinking—which is why when you bring red wine to a restaurant, the offer to uncork it comes just about as soon are you’re seated. The theory is that red wines need to react with oxygen in order to enhance the bouquet and flavors, as well as “soften” harsh tannins.

I became interested in the “wine breathing” notion when I read an article about scientific research on tannins in red wine. The upshot was that tannins are so slow to react to oxygen that even hours of breathing don’t do much to soften them up. So, I wondered, what other myths involving breathing and decanting are just that: myths?

Drink_101209_2.jpgThe main reason to decant wine is if you’re dealing with an older bottle—decanting separates sediment from the wine. Aside from that, I’ve been discovering that a bottle of red wine, freshly uncorked, has more vivid aromas and flavor than one that’s been allowed to breathe, and much more than a wine that’s been entirely decanted.

Here’s the deal: Wine “breathes” in proportion to the area exposed. So, simply uncorking a bottle to breathe achieves next to nothing. That’s because so little oxygen can interact with the wine due to the small opening and the size of the neck of the bottle that it’s virtually pointless. Simply opening a bottle does not allow the wine to breathe. The other end of the aeration spectrum would be pouring the wine into a large, wide bowl, exposing it to lots of air.

I think the way to think of wine, once the bottle has been opened, is as a moving target: It’s evolving. Or, as Francis Fecteau—owner of wine brokerage Libations, Inc., and one of my favorite local wine gurus—puts it, “decaying.” As soon as wine begins to interact with oxygen, it’s decaying. The process is hurried along by decanting, or even as soon as it’s poured into a glass. But, the aromas and flavors of a freshly opened bottle of wine are more powerful and fuller than one that’s been decanted or sitting in a glass for a while. Don’t believe me? Try it yourself. Buy two of the same red wines and decant one about an hour before you plan to drink it. Then, open the other bottle just minutes before drinking and taste and smell them both, in separate glasses, preferably blind (you’ll need a helper). In my experience, the wine opened earlier is inevitably less vivid, its interesting components rapidly diminished.

According to Fecteau, “Every wine has a different arc of decay.” He says that wines with higher acidity and lower alcohol last longer, once exposed to air, than wines with higher pHs, lower acidity and higher alcohol, which flatten out much more quickly. So, I’d be even less inclined to decant a high-alcohol Zinfandel than I would, say, a more restrained Pinot Noir.

Jeez, when I think of all the hours I’ve spent needlessly waiting on wine … 

 
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REPLY TO THIS COMMENT
Posted // August 30,2011 at 13:17 Looks like the new liquor laws in Utah make it illegal to decant wine infront of the customer anyway. :-\

 

REPLY TO THIS COMMENT
Posted // December 9,2010 at 19:16

Absolutely agree that pulling a cork to let wine breath in the bottle is B.S. Not enough surface area of the wine is exposed to air to make any difference. Just about as useful as sniffing the cork.

Not in favor of decanting too many older wines as what fruit they have can often disappear in an instant. I’m referring to well aged Bordeaux’s and Burgs. However, some vintage ports can easily be decanted for 12 hours or more in order to bring out their full flavor.

I still believe that most reds that people buy today...for almost immediate consumption...would benefit from decanting. Flavors develop and reveal themselves faster, the nose opens up, and the wine is "less tight" overall.

Recently enjoyed a 2000 Sangenis I Vaque “Clos Monlleo” from the Priorat that was (initially) absolutely tannic and almost undrinkable. After 30 minutes in the decanter it opened up, the tannins became more integrated, and the characteristics of the Grenache and Carignan revealed a wine that was soft and generous, with a chocolaty and smoky oak flavor framing plum and raisin notes. This was a “low acid” wine, and I generally agree with Francis’ take on acid/alcohol levels and decanting.

Of course, this is all JMHO…and your mileage may vary. Cheers!

 

Ted
Posted // December 10,2010 at 16:01 - Good feedback, Obwan, especially about decanting vintage Port. That had never occurred to me. Thanks.

 

REPLY TO THIS COMMENT
Posted // December 9,2010 at 17:11

I stumbled(upon) that documentary a week or so ago; It did seem interesting

 

REPLY TO THIS COMMENT
Posted // December 7,2010 at 15:29

I never decant. I pour, swirl, sniff and quaff. Had a really nice Zin night before last with a slow-cooked brisket - good stuff, all around.

If you're a Maynard Keenan fan (Tool, Pusifer, Perfect Circle) you may find Blood Into Wine an interesting documentary to watch. With the help of another vitner, he's been producing wines in Arizona for a few years, in some extremely harsh country, and seems to be onto something interesting.

 

Posted // December 7,2010 at 16:28 - Yeah. Arizona doesn't exactly come to mind when thinking about wine. I think you'll enjoy the documentary, though it can drag a bit (maybe I was just sleepy?). If you have Netflix, you'll find in on instant play for the time being. Cheers!

 

Ted
Posted // December 7,2010 at 16:15 - I'll have to check out Blood Into Wine. can't say I've ever had Arizona vino.

 

 
 
 
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